To bear in mind when it comes to food and drinks

Information from National Food Agency, Sweden

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To bear in mind when it comes to food and drinks


Alcohol can be transferred to your child via the placenta. The foetus is more sensitive to alcohol than you are, so refrain from alcohol as soon as you believe that you are pregnant.


Liver contains a lot of vitamin A which, in high doses, can harm your child. Therefore avoid liver, liver dishes and fish liver oil. Liver pâté can be eaten – it does not contain so much liver.

Coffee and black tea

Coffee and black tea contain caffeine which, in high doses, can increase the risk of miscarriage. When you are pregnant, therefore, you should not have more than 200 milligrams of caffeine per day. This corresponds to either two to three cups of coffee (1,5 dl. per cup) or four cups of black tea (2 dl. per cup). Cola drinks and energy drinks can also contain caffeine.

Food supplements, herbal products, natural remedies and more

Food supplements, herbal products, natural remedies and herbal medicinal products are things you should be careful about, since you often don’t know whether they can be harmful to the child. Do not use such products without first having discussed them with your midwife or a doctor. If you take vitamin tablets it is important to follow the dosage instructions and to avoid overdosing. Also ensure that they do not contain more than 1 milligram vitamin A per daily dose. You should totally avoid ginseng products. They are unsuitable when you are pregnant. Be careful, too, with algae products that contain a lot of iodine. Excessive doses of iodine can be harmful.

Read more about food supplements here.

Listeriosis and toxoplasmosis

Listeriosis and toxoplasmosis are two infections that can infect you via food and that are especially dangerous when you are pregnant. The risk of infection is very small but, if you become infected then, in the worst case, the infection can cause a miscarriage or damage to the foetus. This is very uncommon. Listeria and toxoplasma die when the food is heated until piping hot. Toxoplasma also dies if the food is frozen for three days, but listeria survives freezing.

Swedish Food Agency

Source: Swedish Food Agency